Medical Professional Corner

May is observed as Lupus Awareness Month. This month aims to raise awareness and educate the public about the health effects of lupus. Let us fight this invisible illness together and make lupus an international health priority.

Lupus is an autoimmune disease that is:

The immune system attacks the patient’s own tissues, in a process called autoimmunity “loss of self-tolerance”

Lupus is more frequent and severe with higher disease activity and more damage accrual in specific ethnographies

As no two cases of lupus are alike, the diagnosis of lupus remains a challenge

Around 10-15% lupus patients die prematurely due to complications from lupus

The immune system attacks the patient’s own tissues, in a process called autoimmunity “loss of self-tolerance”

Lupus is more frequent and severe with higher disease activity and more damage accrual in specific

As no two cases of lupus are alike, the diagnosis of lupus remains a challenge

Around 10-15% lupus patients die prematurely due to complications from lupus



At least 50,00,000 people
suffer from LUPUS globally


90% LUPUS patients ARE WOMEN

At least 50,00,000 people suffer from LUPUS globally

90% LUPUS patients ARE WOMEN

What are the types of Lupus?
Symptoms of lupus


Butterfly-shaped rash across cheeks and nose


Lung problems such as stabbing chest pain or shortness of breath


Heart problems such as chest pain and an unexplained rapid or irregular heart beat


Kidney disease that leads to weight gain and swelling (edema)


Neurological problems includes headaches and difficulty with memory


Scaly disk-shaped rash. on face, neck, ears, scalp, chest


Sunlight sensitivity of the skin


Blood Problems Such As Anemia or Low White Blood Cell Count


Arthritis such as pain in joints


Butterfly-shaped rash across cheeks and nose


Lung problems such as stabbing chest pain or shortness of breath


Heart problems such as chest pain and an unexplained rapid or irregular heart beat


Kidney disease that leads to weight gain and swelling (edema)


Neurological problems includes headaches and difficulty with memory


Scaly disk-shaped rash. on face, neck, ears, scalp, chest


Sunlight sensitivity of the skin


Blood Problems Such As Anemia or Low White Blood Cell Count


Arthritis such as pain in joints


Butterfly-shaped rash across cheeks and nose


Neurological problems includes headaches and difficulty with memory


Lung Problems Such As Stabbing Chest Pain Or Shortness Of Breath


Scaly Disk-Shaped Rash. On Face, Neck, Ears, Scalp, Chest


Heart Problems Such As Chest Pain And An Unexplained Rapid Or Irregular Heart Beat



Sunlight Sensitivity Of The Skin


Kidney Disease That Leads To Weight Gain And Swelling (Edema)


Blood Problems Such As Anemia Or Low White Blood Cell Count


Arthritis Such As Pain In Joints

HOW TO DIAGNOSE LUPUS?

Patient symptoms

Medical history

Blood tests

Urine tests

Biopsies

Imaging tests

Treatment

The treatment goals include:

Common treatment options include:

Treatment

The treatment goals include:

Common treatment options include:

Living With Lupus

Manage Stress
  • Prioritize your tasks for the day
    Prioritize your tasks for the day.
  • Ask for help when you need it
    Ask for help when you need it.
  • Make time for relaxing activities
    Make time for relaxing activities.
Manage Pain
  • Talk with doctor about taking over-the-counter pain medicines
    Talk with doctor about taking over-the-counter pain medicines.
  • Use heat or cold packs
    Use heat or cold packs.
  • Try relaxation techniques like meditation or breathing exercises
    Try relaxation techniques like meditation or breathing exercises.
  • Ask your doctor about acupuncture or acupressure
    Ask your doctor about acupuncture or acupressure.
PROTECT YOURSELF FROM ULTRAVIOLET(UV) LIGHT
  • Drink a lot of water
    Drink a lot of water.
  • Plan outdoor activities early morning or later in the evening
    Plan outdoor activities early morning or later in the evening.
  • Use sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher
    Use sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher.
  • Use sunglasses that block UV rays
    Use sunglasses that block UV rays.
  • Wear long sleeves, pants, and wide brimmed hats
    Wear long sleeves, pants, and wide brimmed hats.
PNG-13-14
PROTECT YOURSELF FROM INFECTIONS
  • Wash Your Hands Often
    Wash Your Hands Often.
  • Avoid Coming In Contact With People With Cold Or Other Illnesses
    Avoid Coming In Contact With People With Cold Or Other Illnesses.
  • Clean And Protect Any Cuts Or Wounds
    Clean And Protect Any Cuts Or Wounds.
  • Talk With Doctor Before Taking Any Antibiotics
    Talk With Doctor Before Taking Any Antibiotics.
  • Consult A Doctor If You Have A Fever Over 100 °F
    Consult A Doctor If You Have A Fever Over 100 °F.
Protect Yourself From Ultraviolet(UV) Light

Drink a lot of water

Use sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher

Use sunglasses that block UV rays

Plan outdoor activities early morning or later in the evening

Wear long sleeves, pants, and wide brimmed hats

Protect Yourself From Infections

Wash your hands often

Consult a doctor if you have a fever over 100 °F

Clean and protect any cuts or wounds

Talk with doctor before taking any antibiotics

Avoid coming in contact with people with cold or other illnesses

HOW LUPUS AFFECTS KIDNEYS?

A disease involving inflammation of the kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In lupus nephritis, the kidneys fail to remove waste from the blood and control the amount of fluids in the body.

Managing Lupus Nephritis

Eating right for better kidney health

Stay hydrated

Improve your sleep

Exercise regularly

Practice meditation

Consult Nephrologist regularly

HOW LUPUS AFFECTS KIDNEYS?

A disease involving inflammation of the kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In lupus nephritis, the kidneys fail to remove waste from the blood and control the amount of fluids in the body.

10%-30% develop kidney failure within
15 years of diagnosis

One study found that after 24 weeks
of treatment, 9 out of 10 people still showed
signs of kidney disease

HOW LUPUS AFFECTS KIDNEYS?

A disease involving inflammation of the kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In lupus nephritis, the kidneys cannot function properly to remove waste from the blood and control the amount of fluids in the body.

10%-30% develop kidney failure within 15 years of diagnosis

One study found that after 24 weeks of treatment, 9 out of 10 people still showed signs of kidney disease

Who Develops It?

About 50% of people with lupus will go on to develop lupus nephritis

About ONE-THIRD have lupus nephritis at DIAGNOSIS

Signs and Symptoms

High blood pressure

Weight gain

Foamy or frothy urine

Fatigue

Swelling, usually in legs, feet, or ankles

Key Feature of Lupus Nephritis:


Higher than normal levels of PROTEIN IN THE URINE (a condition known as proteinuria)

Care Management


Consult doctor
regularly


Get plenty of rest


Reduce stress


Avoid sunlight


Eat a healthy diet


Learn more about
lupus

CONSULT DOCTOR REGULARLY

GET PLENTY OF REST
REDUCE STRESS
AVOID SUNLIGHT
EAT A HEALTHY DIET

LEARN MORE ABOUT
LUPUS

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Source: www.lupusresearch.org, www.lupus.org, www.niams.nih.gov, www.cdc.gov