Each individual has two kidneys positioned above the waist. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs that are reddish-brown in colour and around the size of a fist. Each kidney has a million filtering units called nephrons which help filter the blood.
Each individual has two kidneys positioned above the waist. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs that are reddish-brown in colour and around the size of a fist. Each kidney has a million filtering units called nephrons which help filter the blood.

How do kidneys work?

Blood enters into your kidneys

Arrow

Kidneys filter toxins from the blood

Kidney

Waste material passes through the ureter

Urine passes out of the body through urethra

Arrow

Stored in the bladder as urine for upto 8 hours

How do kidneys work?

Kidney

Blood enters into your kidneys

Arrow

Kidneys filter toxins from the blood

Arrow

Waste material passes through the ureter

Arrow

Stored in the bladder as urine for upto 8 hours

Arrow

Urine passes out of the body through urethra

Functions of kidney


Regulates & removes excess body fluids by urine


Keeps blood minerals in balance


Activates Vitamin D for healthy bones


Regulates blood pressure


Metabolism & excretion of medicines


Directs production of red blood cells

Functions of kidney


Regulates & removes excess body fluids by urine


Activates Vitamin D for healthy bones


Metabolism & excretion of medicines


Keeps blood minerals in balance


Regulates blood pressure


Directs production of red blood cells

Types of kidney Diseases

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) or Acute Renal Failure
It occurs when the kidneys suddenly stop working or stop filtering waste products from the blood. AKI could occur due to:


Direct damage to the kidneys.


Urine backed up in the kidneys.


Not enough blood flow to the kidneys.

Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Renal Disease
In Chronic kidney disease (CKD), the kidneys are damaged which reduces their ability to filter the blood. It is called “chronic kidney disease”, as the kidney function gets worse overtime.


About 115.1 million people in India are affected by CKD.


CKD causes around 1.2 million deaths worldwide.


The prevalence of CKD was 17.2% with ~6% people having CKD stage 3 or worse.

Types of kidney Diseases

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) or Acute Renal Failure
It occurs when the kidneys suddenly stop working or stop filtering waste products from the blood. AKI could occur due to:


Direct damage to the kidneys.


Urine backed up in the kidneys.


Not enough blood flow to the kidneys.

Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Renal Disease
In Chronic kidney disease (CKD), the kidneys are damaged which reduces their ability to filter the blood. It is called “chronic kidney disease”, as the kidney function gets worse overtime.


About 115.1 million people in India are affected by CKD.


CKD causes around 1.2 million deaths worldwide.


The prevalence of CKD was 17.2% with ~6% people having CKD stage 3 or worse.

Signs & Symptoms of kidney Diseases

Swelling or edema in legs, feet, hands or face

Chest pain

Increase or decreased urination

Feeling tired

Sleep problems

Trouble concentrating

Muscle cramps

Dry or itchy skin

Loss of appetite

Signs & Symptoms of kidney Diseases

Swelling or edema in legs, feet, hands or face

Chest pain

Increase or decreased urination

Feeling tired

Sleep problems

Trouble concentrating

Muscle cramps

Dry or itchy skin

Loss of appetite

Risk factors

Have diabetes

Have high blood pressure or heart disease

Have a family history of kidney disease

Risk increases with age, people over 60 years of age are at higher risk

Have a long history of taking painkillers such as aspirin & ibuprofen

Risk factors

Have diabetes

Have high blood pressure or heart disease

Have a family history of kidney disease

Risk increases with age, people over 60 years of age are at higher risk

Have a long history of taking painkillers such as aspirin & ibuprofen

8 GOLDEN RULES TO KEEP YOUR kidneys healthy

1. Keep fit, Be active

2. Eat a healthy diet

3. Check and control your blood sugar

4. Check and control your blood pressure

1. Keep fit, Be active

2. Eat a healthy diet

3. Check and control your blood sugar

4. Check and control your blood pressure

5. Take appropriate fluid intake

6. Don’t smoke

7. Don't take over the counter medications

8. Get your kidney function checked regularly

5. Take appropriate fluid intake

6. Don’t smoke

7. Don't take over the counter medications

8. Get your kidney function checked regularly

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Source – www.worldkidneyday.org, www.kidney.org, www.niddk.nih.gov.